VMware vSphere 6.5 Administration Basics Ultimate Bootcamp

VMware vSphere 6.5 Administration Basics Ultimate Bootcamp


Course Overview

This course covers everything you need to know about the VMware vSphere 6.5 Administration Basics Ultimate Bootcamp. Students will learn about virtualization, planning and installing ESXi, using tools to administer a VMware environment, vCenter Server 6.5 and licensing, configuring networking, configuring storage, VM creation, configuration, snapshots, security and permissions, server and VM monitoring, advanced ESXi and vCenter server management, patching and upgrading ESXi, and disaster recovery and backup.

Chapter 01 - Getting Started with PowerPoint

Course Introduction

Learn IT! Do IT! Know IT!

Certified Virtualization Expert (CVE) Certification

Chapter 02 - Virtualization Overview 

Topic 1: VMware Virtualization

The Software-Defined Datacenter (SDDC)

vCloud Suite 7.0

Class Exercise - Why Virtualize?

Why Virtualize? - Simplified Management!

VMware TCO Comparison Calculator

What is Virtual Infrastructure?

VMware vSphere 6.x

Type 1 and Type 2 Hypervisors

Hypervisors Comparison

What is a Virtual Machine (VM)?

Topic 2: Other VMware & 3rd Party Virtualization Technologies

VMware Horizon View 7.x (Virtual Desktop Infrastructure)

VMware Horizon FLEX

VMware Workstation Pro 12.5

VMware Fusion 8.5

VMware Workstation Player

Windows Server Virtualization Hyper-V (Windows Server 2012 R2)

System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2

XenServer Enterprise v7.x

XenDesktop & Essentials for XenServer

Topic 3: What's New vSphere 6.5 Overview

What's New in vSphere 6.5

Chapter 02 Review

Chapter 03 - Planning and Installing ESXi 

Topic 1: Planning the ESXi Deployment

Physical Hardware Requirements

vSphere Hypervisor 6.5 (VMware ESXi)

VMware ESXi 6.5

Booting ESXi from a SAN LUN (Fibre Channel or iSCSI)

Booting ESXi from a SAN LUN

Linux, Windows & ESXi

Topic 2: vSphere 6.x Deployment Guidelines

Overview of Deployment Planning

ESXi Compatibility Guides

Storage: Capacity and Performance

VMware Capacity Planner

Topic 3: vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) Installation

vSphere Hypervisor 6.x Installable

ESXi Installation Options

VMware Software Manager

Demo: Installation of ESXi 6.5

Local Configuration of ESXi 6.0 using DCUI

vSphere 6.x ESXi Image Builder CLI

vSphere 5.x/6.x Auto Deploy Architecture

vSphere 6.x Auto Deploy for ESXi PXE Boot

Auto Deploy/ESXi Image Builder in vSphere 6.5

Auto Deploy/ESXi Image Builder in vSphere 6.5 - Demo

Topic 4: Configuring Hostname Resolution and NTP

Configuring DNS Settings

Time Synchronization

Topic 5: Troubleshooting ESXi

ESXi Host Health Check

ESXi System Logs

ESXi Host Boot Process

Resetting root Password ESXi 6.x

Troubleshooting: hostd

Troubleshooting ESXi Management Agents

Purple Screen of Death (PSOD)

Chapter 03 Review

Chapter 04 - Using Tools to Administer a VMware Environment 

Topic 1: Overview of 3rd Party Tools

WinSCP 5.x.x (Free)

ISO Programs

RVTools v 3.x

Other Tools

Topic 2: ESXi Management

ESXi Host & vCenter Server Management Overview

Direct Console User Interface (DCUI)

Managing ESXi with the vSphere Client (VIC)

VMware Host Client

The Management User Interface (MUI) (ESXi or vCenter)

Managing with the vSphere Web Client

NEW vSphere Client 6.5 (HTML5)

SSH Access: PuTTY, SecureCRT, WinSCP, etc.

Datastore Browser

Configuration of Troubleshooting Options in ESXi 6.x

Troubleshooting Options: ESXi 6.x

CLI Commands Overview

PowerCLI 6.5 Release 1

Topic 3: Linux Command Review

Windows Commands vs. Linux Commands

Common Command Line Interface (CLI) Options

Working at the Command Line (CLI)

ESXi 6.x Text Editor

Topic 4: Troubleshooting Host/VC Connections

Cannot Login Using any Client

Chapter 04 Review

Chapter 05 - vCenter Server 6.5 and Licensing 

Topic 1: Licensing

vCenter Server 6.x & ESXi Host Licensing Model

vSphere Essentials 6.5 for Small Business

vSphere 6.5 License Types and Pricing

vSphere with Operations Management Enterprise Plus (vSOM)

Upgrade Enterprise to Enterprise Plus Promotion - 50% off

Topic 2: Planning vCenter Server Deployment

vCenter Server 6.5 Summary

Windows vCenter Server 6.5 Specs

Windows vCenter Database Specs

vCenter Server Virtual Appliance (vCSA) 6.0 Specifications

vCenter Server Virtual Appliance (vCSA) 6.5 Specifications

Comparing Windows vCenter 6.0 to vCSA 6.0/vCSA 6.5

vCenter Server 6.0/6.5 Host Functionality

vCenter Server 6.0/6.5 Managing Multiple Locations

vCenter Server 6.0/6.5 Connection through SSO

VC Server 6.x Architecture

Components of vCenter 6.x - Platform Services Controller (PSC)

Components of vCenter 6.x - vCenter Server

Topologies for vCenter 6.x

HA Topologies for vCenter 6.5

vCenter Server APIs

vCenter Server 6.x Database Sizing

Backup Strategy for vCenter Server

Native vCenter Server Backup

Native vCenter Server Restore

vCenter Server HA

Topic 3: vCenter Server Installation

vCenter 6.0/6.5 Installation (Windows or VCSA)

Windows vCenter 6.5 Installation

vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 for Embedded PSC (Linux Photon)

vCenter Server 6.0/6.5 Post Install

Topic 4: vSphere Web Client & vSphere Client

vSphere Web Client

Client Integration Plugin (CIP)

vSphere Web Client 6.5

vSphere Web Client - Requirements

vSphere Client (HTML5)

Using vSphere Web Client 6.5

Summary of Clients in vSphere 6.5

Topic 5: vCenter Server Inventory

vCenter Server Home Page

Hosts and Clusters: Datacenters

Hosts and Clusters: Folders and Clusters (Default View)

VMs and Templates: Subfolders

vCenter Inventory: VMs/Templates Additional Information

Storage: Folders and Datastores

Networking: Portgroups & Distributed Switches (vDS)

Content Library Basics

What's New in Content Library 6.5

Content Library Creation in 6.5

Topic 6: Managing vCenter Server

Scheduled Tasks



Tasks/Alarms/Work in Progress & Logged On As

New Recent Objects Pane

Flings at VMware Labs

Topic 7: Troubleshooting vCenter Server and Database

Refreshing vCenter Server & ESXi

Monitoring - Hardware Status

Monitoring - vCenter Server Status

VCSA root Account Timeout

Chapter 05 Review

Chapter 06 - Configuring Networking 

Topic 1: Creating & Modifying Virtual Networks

Networking Terms

vSphere 6.x Virtual Switch Types

Network Connections in ESXi

Add/Edit Networking

Standard Virtual Switches (vSS)

More Lanes on the Highway

Virtual Switch & Connection Type Identification

VMware Assigned MAC Addresses

Custom MAC Address

Virtual Switch Physical NIC Configurations

NIC Teaming

Cisco Discovery Protocol on vSS

Modifying vSS Properties (Ports Tab in VIC)


Modifying vSwitch Properties (Network Adapters Tab)

VLAN Overview

VLAN Implementations

Standard vSwitch VLAN Configuration

Standard vSwitch Protection and VLANs

Standard vSwitch & Port Group Policy Settings: Security

Standard vSwitch and Port Group Policy Exceptions: Traffic Shaping

Standard vSwitch and Port Group Policy Exceptions: NIC Teaming

Network Failure and NIC Teaming Options

Load Balancing Method: Route Based on the Originating Virtual Port ID (Default)

Load Balancing Method: Route Based on Source MAC Hash

Load Balancing Method: Route Based on IP Hash (Source + Destination)

Requirements for IP Hash

Port Group: Override vSwitch Failover Order

Multiple Policies Applied to a Single Team

vSphere Packet Routing

Overriding Default Gateway of a Vmkernal Adapter

Network Performance Improvements

Physical Switch Configuration

Topic 2: vSphere Distributed Switches

vSphere Distributed vSwitch (vDS) Overview

vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) New Features in vSphere 5.0

vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) New Features in vSphere 5.1

vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) New Features in vSphere 5.5

vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) New Features in vSphere 6.0

vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) New Features in vSphere 6.5

Creating a vSphere Distributed Switch

Edit vDS Settings

Edit vDS Uplink Settings

Edit vDS Port Group Settings

Port Binding Methods

Private VLAN (PVLAN) Tagging

Private VLANs

Migrating VMkernel Port to vDS

Network I/O Control (NIOC)

Network I/O Control (NIOC) - Best Practices

Create NetFlow

Using Port Mirroring

vDS Health Check

vDS Backup & Restore

Traffic Filtering and Marking

Per VM NIOC 3 Settings

Support for ERSPAN

Configuring ERSPAN

Networking Review

Chapter 06 Review

Chapter 07 - Configuring Storage

Topic 0: New Storage Features in vSphere 6.5

Storage Related Enhancements (1)

Storage Related Enhancements (2)

Topic 1: Storage Concepts

Storage Terms

SAN vs NAS in vSphere

Device and Path Naming

vSphere’s Family of Storage APIs

Storage API - Array Integration

Storage API - Storage Awareness (VASA)

Comparison of Storage Provider Versions (VASA)


Storage API - Multipathing (PSA)

Path Selection Considerations

Viewing Multipathing from VIC

Viewing Multipathing - Web Client

Example of 3rd Party Multipathing Plugin Installation (NMP)

All Paths Down (APD)

Storage API - I/O Filtering

Storage API - I/O Filtering Info

Storage I/O Control (SIOC)

SIOC setup in Web Client

SIOC Enhancements

Configuring SIOC v2 Policy

SIOC Monitoring

Scanning LUNs - iSCSI/Fibre Channel

Topic 2: iSCSI Storage (GUI & Command Line)

Internet Small Computers Systems Interface (iSCSI) Overview

iSCSI Terms for ESX / ESXi

ESX / ESXi and iSCSI SAN Environment and Addressing

Hardware vs. Software Initiators

Multipathing with iSCSI

Setup Steps - Multipathing with Software iSCSI

iSCSI Software Initiator Networking

Configuring iSCSI

Jumbo Frames

Configure Software Initiator: CHAP Authentication

iSCSI Software Initiator Troubleshooting

iSCSI Vendors and Products

Topic 3: Fibre Channel Storage

What is Fibre Channel?

Fibre Channel Terms for ESXi

ESX / ESXi and Fibre Channel SAN Environment and Addressing

Multipathing with Fibre Channel

Fibre Channel Vendors and Products

Network/Storage Architecture Review

Topic 4: VMFS Datastores (GUI & Command Line)

Virtual Machine File System (VMFS-5)

Virtual Machine File System (Updates in 5.5/6.x)

About VMFS6

New Block Sizes for Small Files and Large Files

File Block Usage Example

vSphere Storage APIs - Array Integration & Automatic UNMAP


Upgrade VMFS-3 to VMFS-5

Upgrading VMFS5

Viewing and Creating a VMFS-5 Datastore

Extending your VMFS Datastore using Extents

Add an Extent to Existing VMFS

Expand an ESXi 6.x VMFS Volume

Hidden System Files on a VMFS

Topic 5: NAS Storage and NFS Datastores (GUI & Command Line)

Network Attached Storage (NAS)

NFS v4.1

NFS 4.1 Improvements in 6.5

NFS Components, Addressing and Access Control with NFS on Linux

NFS target on Windows 2003 R2 & higher

Mount an NFS Datastore to Host

Topic 6: Raw Device Mapping (RDM)

Raw Device Mapping (RDM)

RDM Compatibility Modes

Raw Device Mapping

Topic 7: Solid State Disks (SSD)

Solid State Disks (SSD)

Using SMART with SSD

When ESXi fails to identify SSDs

vSphere Virtual Flash

Configure a Virtual Flash Resource

Configure Virtual Flash Host Swap

Virtual Flash Read Cache

Topic 8: Storage & Management Solutions

vFoglight for Storage - Quest

vOptimizer Pro (vOPS Storage Optimizer) - Quest Software

Topic 9: VMware Virtual SAN (VSAN)

VSAN Overview

VSAN Device Configuration

VSAN Cluster Configuration

VSAN Architecture

VSAN 6.0 - What's new

VSAN Version 6.2

VSAN Version 6.5

VSAN Version 6.6

Topic 10: vSphere Virtual Volumes (VVols)

vSphere Virtual Volumes (Vvols) - Concepts

vSphere Virtual Volumes (Vvols) - Architecture

vSphere Virtual Volumes (Vvols) - Characteristics

vSphere Virtual Volumes (Vvols) - Considerations, Limitations & Guidelines

Virtual Volumes Replication

Replication Storage Policies

VVols Certified Storage Vendors

Chapter 07 Review

Chapter 08 - VM Creation, Configuration, and Snapshots 

Topic 1: Create a VM

VM Virtual Hardware

Types of Virtual NICs (vNIC)

Virtual Machine Files

VMDK Disk Provisioning

Virtual Disk

VM HW v13 Properties

VM Hardware Versions Compared

Virtual SCSI Controller Type

Install Guest OS into VM

VM Console & Menus - VIC

VMRC or Web Console 6.5

VMware Tools

VMware Tools 5.0 & earlier vs 5.1/5.5/6.0

VMware Tools 10.1 & 10.0.12

Topic 2: Create Multiple VMs, Templates & Clones

Clones & Templates

Deploy VM from Template

Customizing the OS in a Virtual Machine

Customization Specification Manager

Topic 3: Virtual Appliances

Virtual Appliances

Import Virtual Appliances

Export VM to OVF Format

Content Library - Store Template

Use Template from Library

Customize existing VM

Deploying Across Datacenters

Topic 4: Configuration and Use of vApps

vApp Overview

Creating and using vApps

Topic 5: Manage VMs

Hot Add Memory and CPUs

VM Properties - Hardware Tab

Adding USB Devices to VM

VM Properties - Options Tab

Resize a Virtual Disk

Extend VMDK

Dell's extpart - NO REBOOT

Extend partitions using gparted

vOptimizer Pro

Raxco PerfectStorage

Renaming a Virtual Machine

Topic 6: Virtual Machine Startup / Shutdown

Startup/Shutdown of VMs

Enabling VM Startup/Shutdown

Topic 7: Virtual Machine Snapshots

Virtual Machine Snapshots

Files used by Snapshots

Taking Snapshots

Snapshot Manager

Reverting to a Snapshot

Deleting Snapshots

Consolidating Snapshots

Topic 8: Virtual Machine Troubleshooting & Best Practices

Troubleshooting VM Problems

Differences between VMs and Physical Servers (Best Practices)

Chapter 08 Review

Chapter 09 - Security and Permissions 

Topic 1: Controlling User Access and Passwords

Types of Users

ESXi Account Security

ESXi Account Security Configuration

ESXi Security Enhancements

Lockdown Modes in vSphere 6.x

vSphere 6.5: Security Enhancements

VM Encryption

VM Encryption Workflow

vMotion Encryption

ESXi 6.5 Secure Boot

UEFI Secure Boot for ESXi 6.5 Hosts

VM Secure Boot

vCenter/ESXi Host Security Model


Global Permissions


Privileges Explained

ESXi Host Permissions

Windows vCenter Permissions

vCSA Permissions

Topic 2: ESXi Active Directory (AD) Integration

AD ESXi Authentication Services

Assign ESXi Permissions Directly to AD Users

Topic 3: Managing Firewalls

ESXi Firewall

TCP & UDP Ports

ESXi Firewall Configuration via vSphere Web Client

Topic 4: Managing Security Certificates

Data Encryption

Certificate Changes in vSphere 6.0

VMware Certificate Management

Addition Certificate Information

Chapter 09 Review

Chapter 10 - Server and VM Monitoring 

Topic 1: Optimizing Resources

Transparent Memory Page Sharing

TPS Modified - ESXi 5.0 – 6.x

Memory Overcommitment

Balloon-Driver: vmmemctl

Memory Compression

VMkernel Swap

VM Swap Files

Memory Overhead

VMkernel Swap Location

Host System Swap File

Memory Usage

ESXi v5.x vs v6.x Reclamation

Virtual CPUs (vCPUs)

VMkernel CPU Load Balancing

VMs’ CPU & Memory Resource Setting Terms

CPU Resource Settings

Memory Resource Settings

ESXi 6.x Utilization per VM

Resource Shares

Topic 2: Resource Pools

Resource Pools Overview

Resource Pool Configuration

Expandable Reservations

Troubleshooting Memory Resources

Best Practices for VM Resources

Topic 3: Latency Sensitive Applications

Deploying Extremely Latency-Sensitive Applications

Latency-Sensitive Feature

Best Practices for Extremely Latency-Sensitive Applications

Topic 4: Performance Monitoring

Performance Monitoring - Overview

Performance Monitoring - Advanced

Customize Performance Chart

Troubleshooting Performance

Problem: High CPU Utilization

Problem: High Memory Utilization

Problem: High Disk Utilization

Problem: High Network Utilization

VMware vRealize Operations (formerly vCenter Operations Management Suite)

Topic 5: Configuring Alarms

vCenter Alarms

Default Alarms in vCenter

Alarm Settings

Configure vCenter Notifications

Topic 6: ESXi & vCenter Logs

ESXi 5.x/6.x Log Files from DCUI

ESXi 6.x Log File Locations

ESXi 6.x Log Files

System Logs

Collecting Windows vCenter Log Files

GUI Collecting vCSA Log Files in 6.x

Collecting vCenter Diagnostics Data

Configuring Syslog on ESXi (GUI)

Sending VC Event Stream to a Syslog Server

Syslog Servers

Logging Enhancements in VC 6.5

VMware Log Insight

Chapter 10 Review

Chapter 11 - Advanced ESXi and vCenter Server Management

Topic 1: Storage vMotion

Storage vMotion Migration

Requirements for Storage vMotion

Storage vMotion Architecture

Storage vMotion in vSphere 5.x/6.x

Storage vMotion in vSphere 5.x/6.0

Topic 2: Configuring vMotion

vMotion Migration

How vMotion Works

vMotion: Host Requirements

Identifying CPU Characteristics

vMotion Errors and Warnings

Advanced vMotion Errors

vMotion Improvements

Enhanced vMotion Migration "Shared Nothing" vMotion

Cross vSwitch vMotion

Cross vCenter vMotion

Long Distance vMotion

Topic 3: Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) Cluster

vCenter Host Cluster

Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) Overview

DRS Cluster in the vCenter Inventory

Retaining Host Resource Pools

Configure Automation Level

Initial Placement

DRS Recommendations, Faults & History

Virtual Machine Rules

Groups & Rules - Virtual Machine to Host

VM Overrides

Distributed Power Management (DPM)

Enhanced vMotion Compatibility (EVC)

VM Swapfile location

Planned Downtime: Maintenance Mode

Snapshot & Restore DRS tree

vSphere 6.5 DRS Enhancements

Topic 4: DRS Cluster Monitoring

Monitor Cluster Objects State

Monitoring the DRS Cluster - Resource Allocation

Monitoring the DRS Cluster - DRS Resource Distribution Graph

Monitoring the DRS Cluster - What to look for …

Topic 5: Storage Policy-Based Management (SPBM)

Storage Policy-Based Management (SPBM)

vSphere Storage API for Storage Awareness (VASA) Storage Providers

VM Storage Policies

Create VM Storage Policies

Apply VM Storage Policies to VMs

Topic 6: Datastore Clusters & Storage DRS (SDRS)

Datastore Clusters

Storage DRS (SDRS)

Create a Datastore Cluster for SDRS

Datastore Cluster Information

Edit a Datastore Cluster

Topic 7: Enhanced Linked Mode

Manage Multiple vCenters - vSphere 6.0/6.5

Enhanced Linked Mode 6.x

Chapter 11 Review

Chapter 12 - Patching and Upgrading ESXi 

Topic 1: Patching ESXi Standalone Hosts & VCSA 6.x

ESXi Standalone Patch Installation

GUI VCSA Patch/Update

Topic 2: Patching the vCenter Environment

Update Manager 6.x Patching

Update Manager Terms

Update Manager Settings

Host Baseline Creation

Update Manager Events

Update Manager Notifications

Patch Repository

Web Client Remediation

Topic 3: Upgrades and Migrations

Basic vSphere Upgrade Process

Basic vCenter Upgrade Process

Services Migrated during Upgrade vCenter to 6.0/6.5

Upgrade Versions Supported

Upgrade of Multiple vSphere Products to Use vCenter 6.5

Repointing VC 6.0/6.5 to different PSC

Upgrade vCSA 5.5/6.0 to VCSA 6.5

Migrate Windows VC 5.5/6.0 to vCSA 6.5

Upgrade Host to ESXi 6.x using media

ESXi Upgrade using Update Manager (6.5) Web Client

Upgrade Distributed Switch to 6.5

Upgrade the Virtual Machines

Use the Web Client to Upgrade the VMware Tools

Use vSphere (& Web) Client to Upgrade Virtual Machine Hardware V13

Use Update Manager to Upgrade Virtual Machines

Chapter 12 Review

Chapter 13 - Disaster Recovery and Backup 

Topic 1: vSphere Replication 6.5

vSphere Replication v5.5

What’s New in vSphere Replication v5.5 (vR)

What’s New in vSphere Replication v6.0 (vR)

VR v6.0 Deploy Appliance

VR v6.0 Configure Replication

VR v6.0 Recovery

Topic 2: Site Recovery Manager (SRM)

VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) V5.5

VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) V5.5 - Features

VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) V5.5 - What’s New

VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) V6.0 - What’s New

VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) V6.5 - What's New

SRM Architecture Overview

Topic 3: High Availability (HA)

VMware High Availability

New vSphere 5.0 HA Features

New vSphere 5.1 HA Features

New vSphere 5.5 HA Features

New vSphere 6.0 HA Features

New vSphere 6.5 HA Features

vSphere 6.x HA in Action

Configure HA Cluster 6.0

HA 6.5 Configuration

VMware HA: Host Monitoring

Configure HA Admission Control vSphere 6.0 and earlier

Simplified HA Admission Control vSphere 6.5 & higher

Host Isolation

Guidelines for Isolation Response Setting

VMware HA: Heartbeats

Configure Datastore Heartbeat

VMware HA: Virtual Machine Overrides

HA VM Monitoring

Viewing your HA Cluster

HA Advanced Options

Troubleshooting VMware HA

Troubleshooting HA Agent (FDM)

Topic 4: VM Fault Tolerance

Fault Tolerance Overview

Fault Tolerance Requirements

Fault Tolerance Differences

Fault Tolerance in vSphere 6.5

Configure Fault Tolerance

Topic 5: Backup Strategies

Backup Strategies for VMs

Topic 6: Third Party Backups

Unitrends Enterprise Backup 10.0 (formerly PHD Virtual Backup)

Unitrends Backup Architecture

Quest vRanger Backup & Replication

Veeam Backup & Replication

vSphere 6.5 support in Veeam B&R 9.5 Update 1/2

Veeam Backup - Screenshots

What's New NetBackup 8.0

Chapter 13 Review

Course Closure

VMware vSphere 6.5 Administration Basics Ultimate Bootcamp
tag icon Price $84.99
tag icon Instrutor 1
tag icon Duration 12h 3m
tag icon Lessons 13
tag icon Access 12 Months
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